What Are The Prevention Of Accident In Child

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Accidents are the main reason for injury and even death in children. Serious accidents are more common among children under five. Accidents not only imply road accidents or accident while playing outside or one that happens when the child is out of your sight. It can occur in front of you even when the child is in the safety of home. Parents should take some prevention of accident in child. So, here are the ways for prevention of accident in child.

Types Of Accidents

  1. Falls
  2. Road Accidents
  3. Strangulation And Blind Cords
  4. Accidental Poisoning
  5. Drowning
  6. Suffocating And Choking

Preventing Accidents

  1. Ways To Prevent Falls
  2. Ways To Prevention of Accident In Child In Road
  3. Ways To Prevent Strangulation And Blind Cords
  4. Ways To Prevent Poisoning
  5. Ways To Prevent Drowning
  6. Ways To Prevent Suffocating And Choking

Types Of Accidents

For young children, less than four years of age, besides fall, accidental suffocation, burns, and scalds, are leading causes of serious injuries and even death.

1. Falls

Falls are the major reason of injury for children of all ages. It is, however, more common in children below five years. They will lose their balance easily. Their inquisitive nature and urge to explore increases the instances of falling in children under five years. Any fall from the height of more than three feet is dangerous for children below two years. Likewise, any fall from the height of more than five feet is dangerous for children above two years. Therefore, in such cases, it is important to seek medical attention, even if the child shows no signs of injuries. This is because you can’t rule out the chances of internal injuries.

2. Road Accidents

Traffic accidents cause injuries to a child more than an adult. So more often, child passengers are more seriously injured and died in a motor vehicle accident.

3. Strangulation And Blind Cords

Toddlers are more prone to strangulation. This is because as their muscle coordination is not fully-fledged, they will not be able to free themselves if they become entangled in blind cords. Besides, the weight of their head is more proportional to the body. Also, their windpipes have not yet fully developed. Therefore, it is smaller and less rigid than adults and older children. Therefore, they tend to suffocate more quickly if their necks are constricted. Looped cords such as blind cords and chains are not at all safe for small children. It can bring about strangulation and death in children between one and a half to three years old. Also, most of the reported accidental deaths involving blind cords happen in the bedroom.

4. Accidental Poisoning

Accidental poisoning is very common among children. Children are very inquisitive and tend to mimic the elders. Therefore they may take the medicines as the adult does. Accidental poisoning in children happens when the child swallows chemical compositions, spills or splashes it on the skin or eyes by mistake or breathe in the fumes.  Anything from medicines, cosmetics to insecticides, and pesticides can cause accidental poisoning in children.  The wrong dose of medicine can also cause accidental poisoning in children.

5. Drowning

Less than 3cm of water is enough for a toddler to drown. Around 40% of drowning cases in children under five-year-olds happens in home pools. However, for babies under the age of one, the bath is a common site of drowning. Toddlers are more prone to drown in buckets, paddling pools, and other containers of water. 

6. Suffocating And Choking

Children under four years are more at risk of suffocation and choking. They experiment with things and tend to put everything in their mouth. They more often swallow, inhale, or choke on small toys/ toy parts, food items, peanuts, and marbles.

Preventing Accidents

Accidents are one of the biggest causes of death and injury among children. However,  there are several preventive measures that you can take to ensure the safety of your child.  Some ways to the prevention of accident in child.

1. Ways To Prevent Falls

  • If there is a child below two years at home, use stair gates at the bottom of the steps
  •  Place a safety guard at the top of stairs or steps
  • Teach older children how to climb stairs but supervise them
  • Cover the gaps between balcony/staircase railings with boards or safety netting.
  • Always do nappy change on the floor rather than on a tabletop. 
  •  Never leave your baby on bed, sofa, or changing table alone, even for a couple of seconds.
  • Don’t put baby seats on tables.
  • The top of a bunk bed is not safe for children under five years.
  • Keep low furniture away from windows.
  • Never let baby unattended in a baby walker. The baby walker is not as safe as you think. This is because the children on walker have no control in their movement

2. Ways To Prevention of Accident In Child In Road

  • Using correct car seats and booster seats with efficient buckles will significantly bring down the impact of road accidents on the child.
  • Make sure you buckled the child properly in an age-appropriate and size-appropriate car seat.
  • Place the child car seat facing the rear. Practice it until they reach their optimum weight and height for that particular car seat.
  • Never place a rear-facing baby seat in a front car seat with an active airbag.
  • Once the child outgrows the rear-facing seat, you can shift him to a front-facing seat. Make sure he is buckled well.
  • Once the child turns five years and outgrows car seats, use booster seats until the normal seat belt fits the child properly.
  • All the children under 12 years should sit in the back seat precisely in the center seat.

3. Ways To Prevent Strangulation And Blind Cords

  • Never hang drawstring bags. Don’t rule out the possibility of a small child putting his head through the loop of the drawstring.
  • Cut short all the toy ribbons.
  • Never tie or hang things to babies’ cots,
  • Do not place furniture near a window that a child could climb on to reach a blind cord.
  • Ensure the cords are well taught and kept out of the child’s reach.  

4. Ways To Prevent Poisoning

  • Store all the medicine out of the reach of the children.
  • Keep all household chemicals inside a cabinet and insert child lock.
  • Never take medicines in front of small children.
  • Never tell child medicines tastes like candies.
  • Store garden poison out of the  sight of children

5. Ways To Prevent Drowning           

  • Never leave your child in the bath unsupervised. Older siblings are not enough to supervise. Child needs supervision of an adult.
  • Don’t leave bowls or buckets filled with water uncovered.  
  •  Empty the paddling pools and store away when not in use.
  • Fence the garden/home pool securely.
  • If you live near the water body (like a river), fence the section that faces the water body.

6. Ways To Prevent Suffocating And Choking

  • Serve the food after cutting it into small pieces that can easily bite and chew.  
  • Don’t give the child nuts and anything hard.
  • Never leave a child unattended with food.
  • Keep tiny things such as coins, pins, and buttons away from babies and toddlers
  • Never buy toys with small removable parts.

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