What are Coyotes (Canis latrans)?
Coyotes (Canis latrans) are the members of canine family. They live in Canada, northern America and Central America. They are sometimes referred to as the prairie wolf. Coyotes are the wild animals that roam in grassland and foothills. Their fur color can range from brown or pale grey to reddish brown. On their belly is usually white. The color of their bodies helps them to blend into their environment. Coyotes have green eyes and have powerful sense of smell which helps them to find their prey easily. Let’s further figure out how do coyotes travel? Do coyotes travel in packs? How to survive when coyotes attack? in the later sections
These adaptable animals will eat almost everything. They hunt rabbits, rodents, fish, frogs, insects, snakes, deer and many other animals. They will also eat a wide range of vegetation. Coyotes can successfully hunt small prey on their own. They usually stort the prey and pounce on it. If the prey is large like a deer, they will often hunt together in small packs and work together to kill the prey. In the wild coyotes can live between 10 and 14 years. In captivity, they are known to live much longer, as much as 20 years old.
Do coyotes travel in packs?
They normally live together in groups called packs. A coyote pack can range in size from about two adults to about ten adults plus their babies. The pack always includes both an alpha male and an alpha female. Coyotes produce a variety of sounds to communicate with others within the pack. They can howl, yelp and produce high-pitched cries. They can also bark, growl and squeal. In addition, they are able to communicate with each other by using body language.
A male and female couple will mate for life. Female coyotes give birth to an average of between 1 and 12 pups. Both male and female parents care for the pups. Parents chew and swallow food then they regurgitate the food in order to make easier for the pups to swallow
What is the difference between coyotes and wolves?
They are the animals similar to wolves but are smaller in size when compared to them. Their fur color can range from brown or pale grey to reddish brown. Whereas the color of fur the wolves have are grey, white or black. Their snout is narrow as compared to wolves while they have wide snout. Their snout is narrow as compared to wolves while they have wide snout. Coyotes require less open space while wolves require more open space. Wolves have rounded ears while coyotes have tall pointed ears. Coyotes hunt in pairs or alone. Coyotes do not travel in packs while wolves hunt or travel in packs.
Coyotes are more comfortable with humans while wolves are less adaptable to humans. Wolves hunt larger animals as compared to coyotes. Coyote has a footprint of size 2.3 inch while wolf footprint size is quite bigger of size nearly 4-5 inch. Coyotes howl louder as compared to wolves.
Some important behavior and facts about coyotes
They normally grow to between 80 and 100 centimeters long and they can weigh up to 25 kilos. Coyotes are extremely intelligent and are able to adapt to many different habitats including deserts, forests, prairies, mountains, suburbs and even large cities. They rely on their excellent hearing to both find prey and avoid danger. Coyotes have such good hearing that they are able to hear predators from over a mile away. They territorial animals just like dogs they will use urine to mark their territory.
Coyotes are excellent runners. They can achieve speeds of up to 40 miles per hour and they can jump up to 14 feet high. They are also excellent swimmers which is extremely important when trying to escape danger.
How dangerous are coyotes?
Coyotes are rather reclusive animals that don’t enjoy or seek the company of humans. They would move us to closer by choice. But as cities are growing and pushing into what used to be wild areas, people are the ones moving closer to coyotes or any other wild animals occupying their territory. Now, these coyotes aren’t afraid of humans are they used to be and feel safe roaming around backyards, even with the homeowners nearby. They have already realized there’s food in human neighborhoods, and they don’t mind helping themselves to it. It could be something out of trash, the garden, or, worst scenario, your pets! If there’s just one coyote watching you, it may be doing this out of curiosity.
And how to survive when you see a coyote?
Luckily cases of attacking dogs are very uncommon. But it is the responsibility of the pet owners to keep their furry friend out of harm. Let’s explore on how to protect your pet from coyotes.
- Don’t leave a dog unattended: if you leave in a high risky area, always keep an eye on your pet, even when its playing in your backyard
- When you go for walk with your pet, keep it on a leash, so that you will be able to control your pet and keep it close
- Plan your walking route wisely, avoid areas that have plenty of them. Coyotes don’t like bright light, so walking on a well-lit path is a good idea.
- Don’t feed wildlife. The main things that bring coyotes to areas filled with humans is the search for food
- Set up a good fence. A fence that is at least 8 feet tall made out of material that is hard to climb
When you see a coyote by chance, walk confidently and stay calm. Avoid running as it triggers their hunter instinct, so they will be more likely to chase you. Don’t turn your back to the animal either. Be confident and cautious. You must show that you aren’t afraid at all. Use any noise source you can, shout in authoritative tone, blowing whistle or ringing bell would help better